What are the key differences between in-house and private practice work at a law firm? Why does it matter?


The differences between in-house legal practice and private practice law firms are fundamental and can significantly impact a lawyer’s career trajectory, work environment, and daily responsibilities. 


Here are three key distinctions:

  • Client Relationship and Focus:
    • In-House: Lawyers in an in-house setting work as part of a company’s internal legal team, offering legal advice and representation exclusively to other staff inside the business. They become intimately familiar with the company’s business, objectives, and culture. Their primary focus revolves around serving the company’s interests and ensuring compliance with relevant laws and regulations. The scope of work often includes a wide array of legal issues, ranging from contracts and employment law to regulatory compliance and litigation matters directly related to the company’s operations.
    • Private Practice Law Firms: Conversely, lawyers in private practice law firms cater to a diverse set of clients, which could range from individuals and startups to large corporations. These firms typically specialize in specific areas of law, allowing lawyers to work on a broader range of cases across various industries. Lawyers in private practice spend considerable time attracting clients, managing relationships, and catering to their unique legal needs. Their work is more project-based, and they often handle matters such as mergers and acquisitions, dispute resolution, and providing legal advice on various issues.


  • Work Environment and Structure:
    • In-House: The work environment in an in-house legal team is usually more stable and predictable. Lawyers are part of the company, working closely with other departments and executives. They often have regular hours and a better work-life balance compared to the often-demanding schedules in law firms. However, in-house lawyers might face challenges related to being siloed into specific legal areas or becoming too closely aligned with the company’s interests, potentially compromising their independence.
    • Private Practice Law Firms: Law firms tend to have a more hierarchical structure, with partners, associates, and paralegals working together. Lawyers in private practice often experience high-pressure environments, long hours, and billing requirements to meet firm targets. However, they benefit from exposure to various cases, which can provide valuable experience and opportunities for professional growth. Additionally, they have greater autonomy in choosing the cases they work on and the clients they represent.


  • Career Trajectory and Advancement:
    • In-House: Career progression within an in-house legal team may differ from that in a law firm. While promotions and advancements exist, they might not follow the traditional partner-track model prevalent in law firms. In-house lawyers often advance by gaining specialized knowledge in their company’s industry, taking on managerial roles within the legal department, or transitioning to executive positions outside of the legal function.
    • Private Practice Law Firms: Advancement in private practice usually involves a track to partnership, where lawyers can become equity partners in the firm. This progression is often based on a combination of billable hours, business development skills, expertise, and successful case outcomes. Becoming a partner grants significant control over the firm’s direction and a share in its profits.


These differences shape the experiences, career paths, and daily routines of lawyers in both in-house and private practice settings. Each offers unique advantages and challenges, allowing legal professionals to choose a path that aligns with their career aspirations, work preferences, and long-term goals.


At Yegal we’ve connected more than 500 law students to paid legal jobs since 2017. Of those around 2/3rds of our placements are with private practice law firms and the remainder are in house. In our experience law firms tend to hire more paralegals and junior lawyers compared to in house. In-house legal teams tend to be smaller so there is a tendency for these teams to seek out legal professionals with more experience.


Law students should be open to securing both law firm and in house roles in the early stages of their careers. This helps young lawyers work out what they do and don’t like!


If you are looking for paid paralegal work around Australia you can apply to Yegal Paralegal here.


If you are looking to hire elite paralegal talent you can post a Yegal Paralegal job here.